Trẻ bị sốt nên làm gì? 6 Cách hạ sốt tại nhà nhanh an toàn

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What should a child with a fever do? 6 ways to reduce fever at home quickly and safely

During the changing seasons, children are very prone to fever, irritability and fussiness, which makes parents very worried. Today Bach Khoa GREEN will provide ways to reduce fever for children from AZ that you can apply at home.

Fever is a common condition in children. Let’s find out the causes of fever, symptoms and treatment when children have a fever through the article below.

first What is fever in children?

What causes fever in children?

According to Vinmec health website, there are many causes of fever in children, such as viral fever or infection fever.. Children with viral fever are usually one of the cases such as dengue fever, flu, measles, hand, foot and mouth disease, chickenpox, …

What causes fever in children?

Most children with fever are usually caused by infections because of diseases such as sore throats, respiratory infections, urinary tract infections, etc. liver – bile infections, encephalitis – meningococcal infections, blood infections, etc. There are also cases of children having fever after vaccination or fever due to teething.

Signs of fever in children

The first sign to detect a child has a fever is an elevated body temperature. You can use a thermometer to measure your baby’s body temperature. Besides, fever is often accompanied by symptoms such as body fatigue, headache, body aches, loss of appetite, pale skin, shortness of breath, nausea, …

Signs of fever in childrenSigns of fever in children

There are some signs depending on the cause of the fever such as:

  • Dengue: The child has a high fever continuously for 2-6 days, then the hemorrhagic patches under the skin appear and gradually disappear.
  • Fever due to flu: Children have fever and stuffy nose, runny nose, constant sneezing, cough, cough with phlegm,…
  • Fever caused by measles virus: Continuous high fever, a lot of cough, stuffy nose, runny nose, red eyes.
  • Fever due to foot – hand – mouth disease: The child has a fever and blisters appear on the hands, feet, around the mouth and in the child’s mouth, which leads to fatigue, frequent fussiness and refusal to eat.
  • Chickenpox fever: The virus that causes chickenpox will cause a child to have a low-grade fever and headache.

There are many accompanying signs when a child has a feverThere are many accompanying signs when a child has a fever

In addition, some symptoms of infectious fever include:

  • Respiratory tract infections: Children with high fever, cough with phlegm, difficulty breathing, chest pain, cough a lot and even cough up blood.
  • Urinary tract infection: Usually there are signs of high fever with painful urination, frequent urination, blood in urine, low back pain, …
  • Hepatobiliary infections: Children with fever accompanied by signs such as jaundice, yellow eyes, pain in the liver and biliary tract.
  • Meningococcal infection: In addition to high fever, children also have persistent headaches, nausea, or worse, lethargy, convulsions, …

2 What should a child with a fever do?

How to treat a child with a fever?

Usually, when a child has a high fever for 1-2 days, you need to give him medicine and help him sweat a lot to quickly bring down the fever. If after this time the child still does not have a fever, you need to take the child to the hospital. In addition, parents do not forget to regularly monitor the child’s temperature to take timely measures.

Take the temperature when the child has a feverTake the temperature when the child has a fever

Children with fever should do, what to eat?

When a child has a fever, the body will lose water very quickly, so parents need to give the child a lot of water to avoid the body being exhausted. Besides, when children have a fever, they will lose their appetite, so parents should give them soft and diluted foods such as porridge, soup, vegetable soup, … as well as regularly drink fruit and vegetable juices. .

Children should eat foods such as porridgeChildren should eat foods such as porridge

In addition, parents should let children live in a cool space as well as take fever-reducing medicine at an appropriate dose. Parents can consider the dosage on the instructions for use of the drug and consult a doctor to avoid drug abuse.

Children with fever should not do, what to eat?

Parents should not let children wear too many clothes when they have a high fever because it will make them feel chilled. Instead, parents should let children wear loose, airy clothes to help radiate heat better, helping to reduce fever faster.

Children should not lie still for too long when they have a feverChildren should not lie still for too long when they have a fever

Besides, when the child has a fever, parents should not give the child greasy foods. indigestion and should let children be active instead of lying in one place to help the body sweat and radiate heat better.

3 How to prevent fever in children?

Maintain personal hygiene as well as home hygiene to Reduce the risk of infection by using soap when washing your hands, before eating and drinking, covering your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing, washing food and drinks, etc.

Fully vaccinated according to regional, local and state schedules.

Add fiber and vitamins to the body.

Wear a mask when going to crowded places to avoid catching infectious diseases.

How to prevent fever in childrenHow to prevent fever in children

4 When should a child have a fever?

When a child has a fever that lasts for many days without improvement, or the fever is accompanied by symptoms such as rash, cough, continuous cough, red eyes, anorexia, body aches, nausea, … There is a high chance that the child has a fever due to a rash or an infection. Therefore, at this time, parents need to take their children to the hospital or call the doctor right away instead of self-treating at home.

When should a child have a fever?When should a child have a fever?

Above is information about fever as well as how to handle when children have fever that Bach Khoa XANH wants to share with you. Hope you will find this information useful.

5 5 ways to reduce fever for children

Dress children in loose, airy clothes

If the child has a fever but still plays, eats well, has normal bowel movements, parents do not need to be too worried but rush to give the child fever-reducing medicine. The simple way to reduce fever is When children have signs of mild fever, mothers should dress children in loose clothing to help reduce body temperature.

Dress your child in loose, cool clothes to help reduce feverDress children in loose, airy clothes

Warm baby

Friend Dip a towel in warm water, gently wipe the baby’s forehead, armpit, groin areanote to always keep the towel water temperature slightly warm, not too cold.

When applying to your baby, you need Make sure to keep the towel at a temperature of 33°C – 35°C. This heat will evaporate, dilate blood vessels to help cool the body, continue to do until the temperature drops to normal (37 degrees Celsius).

Note: You should only cool the baby with a towel with a moderate temperature, if the towel is too cool, it can tighten the pores, causing the baby to have heat shock and cold.

Warm compress to reduce fever for babyWarm compress to reduce fever for baby

Clean with apple cider vinegar

This method is quite simple and highly effective because the acid in the vinegar will help release heat through the skin. You just need to soak the towel in apple cider vinegar Dilute it with water in a ratio of 1:2 and apply it on the forehead and abdomen Or wrap it around the soles of your baby’s feet.

Wipe cool with apple cider vinegar so that the fever seeds for the babyClean with apple cider vinegar

Add vitamin C and water

Waters rich in vitamin C such as oranges, grapefruits, tangerines, etc. help increase resistance Fight off pathogens from the outside and soothe the body. In addition, when children have a fever, they often lose water, so Give your child as much water as possible, especially those with electrolytes like Pedialyte, hydration,…

Supplement vitamin C and water for babiesSupplement vitamin C and water for babies

Use fever reducer

If If your child has a fever over 38.5 degrees Celsius, you should give him fever-reducing medicine to not be dangerous. There are 3 main types of fever reducers for children: Paracetamol, Ibuprofen and Aspirin.

With Paracetamol: The safe interval between each dose is 4-6 hours, however, if the child has kidney failure, the time should be extended to 8 hours each time. About specific oral dosage as follows:

  • Children 0 – 3 months old: 40mg/time
  • Children 4-11 months old: 80mg/time
  • Children 1 – 2 years old: 120mg/time
  • Children 2 – 3 years old: 160mg/time
  • Children 4 – 5 years old: 240mg/time
  • Children 6 – 8 years old: 320mg/time
  • Children 9 – 10 years old: 400mg/time
  • From 11 and up: 480mg/time

Use fever-reducing medicine if your child has a fever above 38.5 degrees CelsiusUse fever-reducing medicine if your child has a fever above 38.5 degrees Celsius

With Ibuprofen: This is also a fever reducer but has more risks, so it should be taken according to the dose prescribed by your doctor. With Ibuprofen oral solution, you can: Refer to the following dosage:

  • Children from 1 to 2 years old: 5ml, use 3-4 times/day
  • Children from 3-7 years old: 10ml, use 3-4 times/day
  • Children from 8 to 12 years old: 20ml, use 3-4 times/day
  • Children under 6 months old: take the medicine as prescribed by the doctor

With aspirin: For many years, aspirin has been very little recommended for children, if you want to use it, you must Follow your doctor’s instructions and dosage depending on the baby’s condition, weight and age.

Due to vaccination: young children often need a lot of vaccinations and sometimes they will have a low-grade fever after being vaccinated

Dengue: The manifestation of this type of fever is very complicated and can be dangerous for children. In the early stages, there will be sudden high fever symptoms, children often cry and may see a petechiae under the skin. In addition, there are some possible symptoms such as nosebleeds or bleeding gums. After about 3-7 days, the disease will progress to a serious stage, so parents must pay attention to the symptoms of fever in the early stages to take the child to the doctor promptly.

Reference: Signs to recognize dengue fever

In addition, fever can be an early sign of dangerous diseases such as: malaria, meningitis, pneumonia, sepsis, ... When encountering these diseases, children often have a very high fever and are accompanied by symptoms such as chills, convulsions, hemorrhage, vomiting, cyanosis, lethargy or coma, so parents must be very careful to avoid Unfortunate cases happen.

Reference: 5 effective and safe tips to treat baby’s teething fever at home

6Things to avoid when caring for a child with a fever at home

Do not apply cold to reduce fever for baby

World Health Organization WHO We recommend that you do not use cold compresses to bring down your baby’s fever. This way will causes the pores to close and the heat cannot escapeIn addition, it can also cause respiratory failure, frostbite. Parents should only bring down the baby’s fever with a warm compress.

Do not cover, keep warm when the baby has a high fever

When a baby has a fever that is too high, there will be chills, cold hands and feet, and at this time, many parents will cover their babies with blankets. This is extremely dangerous because it can The body temperature cannot escape, causing the body temperature to continue to rise, the child may have a convulsion.

Do not cover, keep warm when the baby has a high feverDo not cover, keep warm when the baby has a high fever

Do not combine many antipyretic drugs to reduce fever quickly

The combination of different drugs can side effects caused by drugs that may contain incompatible ingredients. Besides, A sudden drop in fever can be dangerous for your baby. Therefore, if your baby has a high fever, you should take him to the doctor and take fever-reducing medicine as prescribed.

Explore more: Typhus should abstain from what? Note when treating typhus fever for children

Although fever is a common illness in children, parents should still pay attention to have timely solutions to help children quickly reduce fever and recover from illness.

Source: Vinmec

Maybe you are interested:

  • What should I do if I have a skin allergy? How to deal with skin allergies effectively

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  • What should I do if I have a fever? 9 ways to quickly reduce fever safely at home

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