Nghị luận văn học: Nghị luận bài Chiếu cầu hiền


Sample papers for grade 11

Literary Discourse: Discourse on the Sympathy Prayer

Literary Discourse: Discourse on the Sympathy Prayer

Guide


Main idea of ​​the article:

1. Theoretical basis of “Caution of sage”

The opening paragraph creates a solid, convincing premise to pray for sages.

– Borrowing from Confucius in the Analects book: Rule the country with virtue, just like the North Star keeps its place, other stars will come to worship.

The author both honors the sages of Confucianism (like a shining star), and affirms to sages everywhere that the new dynasty is a dynasty that uses virtue to rule the country.

– Borrowing the will of heaven, it is natural for talented people to pay homage to Zen disciples. If a wise person hides himself, it is against the will of God. (If you hide the light, hide the beauty, and have talent but are not used by the world, it is not the will of God to give birth to a gentle person.)

Ngo Thi Nham was very skilled, he borrowed the words of the saints and the will of heaven to create a solid theoretical basis for the court’s request for sage. Both honoring the talented and honoring the emperor (like King Quang Trung with the throne of Bac Than, calling him the son of heaven) has created a trust for the sage who do not understand the times.

2. Actual situation and desire for sages of King Quang Trung

– When the times are in decline and many events occur, it is inevitable that the scholar in the world must find a place to hide.

+ The author uses many evocative images to indicate the disillusioned state of the scholar (hiding in a crevice, hesitant to speak up, knocking at the door, going to the sea into the river, drowning on land, …)  emphasizes the wasteful lifestyle of talent, not worthy of the title of a talented person.

+ The king’s imploring attitude (now I am listening, day and night longing,…), a series of questions (or do I have little virtue…?Or is it in ruins…?) has the effect of calling for harmony. works of sages.

– In peacetime, the country had a king, the river had a master, on behalf of the king, the author presented a number of messy jobs: newly opened work, discipline in the government, work outside the border, people still hard work, the virtue of the king has not yet been imbued, a pillar cannot support a house, … tells all the difficulties in order to affect the sage’s responsibility to the country. People of good conscience will not be indifferent to this situation. At the end, the author also raised a series of questions: what about this vast cultural land, in which there is not a single talented person who came out to help the government at the beginning of my life?

See more: Dissertation essay: Discussing the quality of being funny and loving life

+ Both paragraphs share the same structure: tell, list the situation to find ways to evoke and stimulate talented people with self-respect and responsibility. From then on, there were rhetorical questions that whirled, emphasized, and encouraged them not to hesitate, hesitate any longer, and quickly put forth their strength to help the people rule the country.

+ Flexible tone, sometimes strong (reminiscent of mediocrity in a reclusive life), sometimes quiet, humble, sincere; sometimes encourage and encourage the sage to help the government in the beginning…

3. Direction to use talented people and call for talented people in the world to help the people and help the country.

In order to dispel the doubts of many talents who were still afraid because they did not understand the new dynasty, the king gave a clear, open and generous direction to use talented people. Offer a variety of specific measures.

– For people with academic talent, better plots than life, words that can be used are taken up, regardless of the hierarchy, if not used, they are put aside, not charged.

– For people with good professions or careers, it is allowed to recommend mandarins or martial arts officials, depending on their talents.

– For those whose talents are still hidden, please make a self-nomination…

The sage according to Quang Trung’s concept is comprehensive, not only towards those who are good at words but also towards people with good skills. He also encourages talented people to nominate themselves.

– The king’s view of talented people is progressive, modern, pleasing to the people, creating an open path for talented people to support the king and rule the country.

– The appeals at the end of the work are like a strong summons, arousing and delighting the talented people in four pools. The reason given by the court is that there is nothing more favorable (clear sky, peaceful earth) for talented people to appear. The opportunity has come for those who want to make great karma (meet the wind and clouds).

See more: In the short story The Extraordinary Life, writer Nam Cao wrote: “Literature does not need skilled craftsmen to follow certain patterns given to them…”. Please comment above and analyze some of Nam Cao’s works to clarify that artistic point of view


Theoretical basis of “Caution of sage”

The opening paragraph creates a solid, convincing premise to pray for sages.

– Borrowing from Confucius in the Analects book: Rule the country with virtue, just like the North Star keeps its place, other stars will come to worship.

The author both honors the sages of Confucianism (like a shining star), and affirms to sages everywhere that the new dynasty is a dynasty that uses virtue to rule the country.

– Borrowing the will of heaven, it is natural for talented people to pay homage to Zen disciples. If a wise person hides himself, it is against the will of God. (If you hide the light, hide the beauty, and have talent but are not used by the world, it is not the will of God to give birth to a gentle person.)

Ngo Thi Nham was very skilled, he borrowed the words of the saints and the will of heaven to create a solid theoretical basis for the court’s request for sage. Both honoring the talented and honoring the emperor (like King Quang Trung with the throne of Bac Than, calling him the son of heaven) has created a trust for the sage who do not understand the times.

2. Actual situation and desire for sages of King Quang Trung

– When the times are in decline and many events occur, it is inevitable that the scholar in the world must find a place to hide.

+ The author uses many evocative images to indicate the disillusioned state of the scholar (hiding in a crevice, hesitant to speak up, knocking at the door, going to the sea into the river, drowning on land, …) emphasizing the wasteful lifestyle of talent, not worthy of the title of a talented person.

+ The king’s imploring attitude (now I am listening, day and night longing,…), a series of questions (or do I have little virtue…?Or is it in ruins…?) has the effect of calling for harmony. works of sages.

– In peacetime, the country had a king, the river had a master, on behalf of the king, the author presented a number of messy jobs: newly opened work, discipline in the government, work outside the border, people still hard work, the virtue of the king has not yet been imbued, a pillar cannot support a house, … tells all the difficulties in order to affect the sage’s responsibility to the country. People of good will will not be indifferent to this situation. At the end, the author also raised a series of questions: what about this vast cultural land, in which there is not a single talented person who came out to help the government at the beginning of my life?

See more: Talking about the literary profession, someone borrowed a verse from Nguyen Du’s Tale of Kieu: “Three words of heart are equal to three words of talent.” How do you understand opinions and think about the relationship? between the word “mind” and the word “talent” of the writer

+ Both paragraphs share the same structure: tell, list the situation to find ways to evoke and stimulate talented people with self-respect and responsibility. From then on, there were rhetorical questions that whirled, emphasized, and encouraged them not to hesitate, hesitate any longer, quickly put forth their strength to help the people rule the country.

+ Flexible tone, sometimes strong (reminiscent of mediocrity in a reclusive life), sometimes quiet, humble, sincere; sometimes encourage and encourage the sage to help the government in the beginning…

3. Direction to use talented people and call for talented people in the world to help the people and help the country.

In order to dispel the doubts of many talents who were still afraid because they did not understand the new dynasty, the king gave a clear, open and generous direction to use talented people. Offer a variety of specific measures.

– For people with academic talent, better plots than life, words that can be used are taken up, regardless of the hierarchy, if not used, they are put aside, not charged.

– For people with good professions or careers, it is allowed to recommend mandarins or martial arts officials, depending on their talents.

– For those whose talents are still hidden, please make a self-nomination…

 The sage according to Quang Trung’s concept is comprehensive, not only towards those who are good at words but also towards people with good skills. He also encouraged talented people to nominate themselves.

– The king’s view of talented people is progressive, modern, pleasing to the people, creating an open path for talented people to support the king and rule the country.

– The appeals at the end of the work are like a strong summons, arousing and delighting the talented people in four pools. The reason given by the court is that there is nothing more favorable (clear sky, peaceful earth) for talented people to appear. The opportunity has come for those who want to make great karma (meet the wind and clouds).

the bright moon


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Chuyên mục: Văn Mẫu Lớp 11

Nguồn: Họa Mi

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