Literary essay: Let’s show the image of the farmer’s statue in the philanthropist’s essay
In 1859, when the French invaders attacked Gia Dinh citadel, Nguyen Dinh Chieu wrote the poem “Running the enemy”, the two closing sentences expressing his fervent wish:
“Ask the page to stop the chaos / What if I let black people suffer from this?”
And a few years later, the poet wrote the article “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” – the high artistic and ideological culmination of his poetic career. The sacrifice can be considered as Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s loyalty to the heroic martyrs of our people in the early days against the French invasion. The blind poet Dong Nai has erected an “artistic monument” of a tragic nature of patriotic peasants fighting against foreign invaders.
After occupying three eastern provinces, the French invaders occupied three western provinces of the South. In 1861, on the night of December 14, the insurgents attacked the enemy station in Can Giuoc, in the present-day Long An province. The battle took place extremely fiercely, “making evil spirits, ghosts and horrors”, Nearly 30 battles took place. Soldiers of the army died bravely. Nguyen Dinh Chieu wrote this sacrificial poem – a song about a hero who lost his life but still stood tall.
“Can Giuoc philanthropist” is a rare “artistic monument”. “Tragic” is the stature and nature of that artistic monument: both monumental, majestic and painful, tragic. Heroic in the content of fighting for a great cause. Heroic in heroic qualities, in the virtue of self-sacrifice. Heroic in that it erected a fierce, fierce turbulent era of the country and the nation. Magnificent in scale, it not only depicts an insurgent army, a hero but also a large number of “people from neighboring hamlets who love insurgent troops” under the banner of “peaceful west” of Truong Cong Dinh. That majestic and grandiose nature and scale is associated with grief and pain. The “artistic monument” of the peasant fighting the French in the mid-19th century was erected in tears, in the cry of the poet, the people and the whole country. In the whole sacrilegious text, especially in the real and erotic analysis, this tragic quality is deeply felt.
The opening of the sacrificial essay is a lament through 2 parallel quartet sentences. Two “Oh my!” mournfully resounded, it was the poet’s cry for the martyr, the sorrowful sob for the perilous country:
“The enemy guns, the earth rumbles; the hearts of the people of heaven”
Fatherland in danger. Enemy guns resounded in heaven and earth and in the homeland.
“After the market was closed, I heard the sound of Western guns…” (“Running the enemy”). In the situation where the country lost their home, only the people stood up to shoulder the historical mission, fighting the enemy to save the country and save the house. The patriotism and hatred of the people and the enemies of the people and people in cloth clothes shows to heaven and earth and shines with justice. It can be said that this pair of four-letter sentences is the main idea of the sacrificial essay, it is engraved on the marble placed in front, the front of that “artistic monument”.
The central image of the “art monument” “Can Giuoc philanthropist” is the insurgent soldiers. Their origins are poor farmers who live a “orphan” life behind the village’s bamboo ramparts. Simple and gentle, industrious is hard work, hanging around in the village, making friends with buffaloes, plow roads, harrows, very strange to the “long velvet palace”:
“Remember the old spirit:
Orphaned business; worry about poverty
Unaccustomed to the horse bow where to go to velvet school; know only buffalo fields, live in the village”.
They are a large class of people, living close to us. All year round with muddy hands and feet with farming, “never looked at” the soldiers and weapons fighting the enemy:
“The hoeing, the plowing, the harrowing, the transplanting, the hands are used to doing; practice shields, practice guns, practice marks, practice chess that have never been seen before”.
But when the homeland was invaded by the French invaders, those “hamlets and unicorns” stood up to “love the cause as recruits”. Fighting the enemy to save the country, saving the home, protecting the “rice bowl and clothes in life” is the great meaning that they “love” is to pursue. Nguyen Dinh Chieu wrote the best owls (simple but firm) praising the patriotism and hatred of the enemy of the martyrs:
“When I saw the bubbles covering the white tires, I wanted to go to peace; When I see the chimney running black every day, I want to go out and bite my neck.”
For the French invaders and their henchmen selling the country, they only had one attitude: “eat your liver” and “bite your neck”, only one intention: “This time, please try to break it… tiger”.
The image of the insurgent soldier going to battle is the most majestic and majestic drawing and engraving in the “art monument” of the sacrifice. The statue has 2 contrasting lines: the brave group of the homeland and the French invaders. The bandits are equipped with modern equipment, there are “tin boats, copper ships”, “small bullets, big bullets”, there are mercenaries with “evil code, ghost” mercenaries. On the contrary, the equipment of the insurgents was very rudimentary. Military equipment is just “a piece of cloth”. The weapon had only “a scythe”, or “a machete”, a musket that fired “with a bow of straw”. However, they still managed to achieve the feat of “burning the other religious house” and “cutting off the head of that two mandarins”.
The “art monument” recreated the hours of fierce fighting between the insurgents and the French invaders:
“The hard work of the bureaucrats trumpeting the drums, prompting drums, stepping on the fences, gliding forward, treating the enemy as if they were not; No one is afraid that the West will shoot small bullets with large bullets, knock on the door and rush in, risking himself like nothing.
Someone who crosses, cuts back, makes ghosts, evil spirits; the summer boys, the eagles later, let the tin ships and bronze ships explode.”
These are great flamingos. The atmosphere of the battle was filled with the sound of drums urging the troops, “there are summer people first, there are eagles after” resounding through the sky and the sound of gunfire. Our martyrs considered death as nothing, attacked like a storm, roamed around the enemy’s fortress: “stepping on the fence”, “rushing the door”, “crossing and slashing”, “last summer, later owl later”. “… The mighty voice, the ingenious contrasts, the strong verbs selected and placed in the right places… have highlighted the brave and unparalleled spirit of the Can Giuoc sages. Nguyen Dinh Chieu gave the soldiers the most beautiful feelings: praise, admiration, pride. Thereby, we see that, before Nguyen Dinh Chieu, there was no poet who wrote about the peasants fighting the enemy so well and so deeply.
In the song “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist’s sacrifice” there are also tears, lamentations, a sympathetic and tragic tone expressed in the mourning part. Many martyrs fell on the battlefield in a heroic posture: “The five long-lasting kindnesses; I don’t know that the body is in a hurry to leave” The country and homeland are deeply saddened. A large, sad and painful space:
“Walking the Can Giuoc river, the trees and grass for a few miles stretch; looking at Truong Binh market, young and old, 2 small rows of kuui”.
The cries of the old mother, the pain of the young wife are talked about with great emotion. “Hundreds of years later, we read Nguyen Dinh Chieu sometimes as if we can still see the poet’s pen sobbing on each page” (Hoai Thanh):
“In pain, the old mother sat crying and the young child, the late-night lamp flickered in the tent; depressed instead of a weak wife running to find her husband, the cow staggered in front of the alley”.
The martyrs lived heroically and died gloriously. Their example of battle and sacrifice is the “eternal heart that sends back the shadow of the full moon”, eternally immortal, shining forever, eternal with the mountains and rivers. Very proud:
“Oh! A cloud of smoke cleared; a thousand years of splendor”
The greatest lesson the martyr left the country and the people is the lesson about life and death. Live upright. Indomitable death. That attitude has highlighted the tragic character of the “art monument” about the peasants fighting the enemy:
“Live to fight the enemy, the waterfall also fights against the enemy, the soul follows the army, vows to take revenge for all eternity; …”.
Dare to sacrifice themselves for a great cause, “the incense of the martyrs lights up more fragrance”, the insurgent soldiers in “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” are the pride and deep gratitude of our people.
In short, “Can Giuoc’s philanthropist” affirms Nguyen Dinh Chieu’s outstanding literature, strong and passionate love for the people. It is true that “a scholar uses a pen to fight the enemy” (Mien Tham). A voice that is both majestic, pitiful, and tragic. Nguyen Dinh Chieu has erected an “artistic monument” of tragic nature about patriotic peasants fighting foreign invaders. “Can Giuoc philanthropist’s culture” is a masterpiece in the ancient literature of the nation. Writer Hoai Thanh wrote: “That poor Confucian lived the life of the masses, and accompanied the masses in their arduous struggles. It was the industrious and courageous masses who gave Nguyen Dinh Chieu strength, wisdom, affection, faith and even art.
the bright moon
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