Bình giảng đoạn thơ sau trong bài Tâm tư trong tù của Tố Hữu: Cô đơn thay là cảnh thân tù!… Nghe lạc ngựa rùng chăn bên giếng lạnh, Dưới đường xa nghe tiếng guốc đi về…


Sample papers for grade 12

Comment on the following verse in To Huu’s poem “Thoughts in Prison” by To Huu: Loneliness is a prison scene!… Hearing lost horses shivering under a cold well, Listening to the sound of clogs on the way back…

Comment on the following verse in To Huu’s poem “Thoughts in Prison” by To Huu: Loneliness is a prison scene!… Hearing lost horses shivering under a cold well, Listening to the sound of clogs on the way back…

Guide


A. ORGANIZATION

1. Opening lesson

The Mind in Prison is the opening poem for the part of Prison Poetry and Chains in To Huu’s collection of poems Tu That.

2. Body

a. Verses 9 to 12

– The loneliness and sadness of the lyrical character when imprisoned by the French invaders:

Loneliness is a prison scene!

– The soul of the lyrical character always yearns for freedom and is attached to life. This attitude is very positive:

Ears open and heart burning

I listen to the sound of life rolling

What a joy to be out there!

b. Verses 13 to 16

With a rich imagination, the lyricist paints a vivid picture of the outside of the cell based on its sounds:

+ “bird chirping”,

+ the sound of “strong wind”,

+ the sound of “afternoon bat flapping wings” at sunset,

+ the sound of “lost horse shivering”,

+ “the sound of clogs coming back…”

Note the commentary on two verses:

Hearing lost horses shivering by the cold well

In the distance, I heard the sound of clogs coming back

c. Counterfeit

This is one of the best poems in To Huu’s poem “Thoughts in Prison” by To Huu.

– Poetry is concise, expressive, clear, inspiring and attractive.

– The rhythm of the poem is earnest and exciting.

– The image of the ego of the lyrical character appears to be romantic, young, immature, new, sensitive, delicate, lovely, proud, indomitable.

3. Conclusion

Thoughts in Prison is a poem born under harsh circumstances, but the poem soon expressed one of the three artistic styles of To Huu’s poetry, which is a revolutionary, vibrant, intense, and powerful poetic soul. strong enough to move people.

B. WORKSHOP

Since then is To Huu’s first book of poems, and also the first success of To Huu on the artistic path. The collection of poems consists of 71 poems divided into 3 parts: Blood, Fire, Chains, and Liberation. That word speaks of 10 exciting and passionate activities from enlightenment through challenge to adulthood of the revolutionary young man in a vibrant historical period where many great events took place, which shook and changed the world. Vietnamese society deeply. That word is a milestone marking an important transformation of Vietnamese poetry. Thoughts in Prison is the opening poem for the prison poetry section, the Chains section in this poetry collection. A passage in the article “Thoughts from the mind in To Huu prison” is written

See more: Analyzing the psychological development of My character in “Spring Love Night”, I wanted to go out but was tied to a column by A Su (To Hoai’s A Phu couple)

Loneliness is a prison scene!

Ears open and heart burning

I listen to the sound of life rolling

What a joy to be out there!

Hear the birds chirping in the strong wind at the tide

Hear quickly the sound of bats flapping their wings in the afternoon

Hearing lost horses shivering by the cold well

In the distance, I heard the sound of clogs coming back…

Before studying the poem, we need to pay attention to the historical situation in 1939.

At the beginning of this year, the world situation became tense, the Second World War was about to break out, the French colonialists tried their best to prohibit revolutionary actions, terrorized the soldiers who participated in the movement, pointed their noses at them. oppressing the Indochinese Communist Party. At the end of April 1939. To Huu was captured by the French in Hue during a round of persecution of the Communist Party. The mind in prison was written in the days when the poet was imprisoned for no reason at Cell No. 1, Thua Thien prison (April 29, 1939).

The poem excerpt above expresses the loneliness, love of life, and intense desire for freedom of the lyricist in the days of facing the “four austere lime walls”.

First of all, the loneliness and sadness of the lyrical character:

Loneliness is a prison scene

This is a cry that confirms a bitter, bitter truth, not the groan of a cowardly, weak person. The poet also confided:

Crying is humiliating. Moan, coward. Van, weak.

That cry also contains the sad mood of a 19-year-old boy, passionate about ideals very close to the mood of great man, great wisdom, great hero Ho Chi Minh:


Pity I am confined in a prison

Not allowed to rush out in the middle of the battle

The blue sky deliberately restrained the hero

See more: Analysis of the work who named the river

Shackles and chains for eight months

The shadow looks real painfully golden,

When will you get out of the dungeon?

(Diary in prison)

On the other hand, we also encounter the soul of a lyrical character who always yearns for freedom and is attached to life. This attitude is very positive:

Ears open and heart burning

I listen to the sound of life rolling

What a joy to be out there!

He listens to the sounds of life outside the “austere lime wall” with his hearing and with his burning soul. Here, “the sound of life rolling excitedly” is a creation in the art of using words. The two words “exciting” both describe the idyllic sounds of everyday life and also describe the intense and earnest stirrings in the poet’s heart. The poem “How happy it is to be out there!” like a joyful cry, cheering in regret, bewilderment, and numbness because “outside is happy” is the complete opposite of the lonely, cold, gloomy, dark “prison scene”.

In the remaining four verses of the passage, with rich imagination, the lyricist paints a vivid picture of the outside of the cell based on its sounds: “birds chirping”, “wind” strong”, the sound of “bats flapping their wings” at dusk, the sound of “horses shivering”, “hoofs walking back”. Especially two verses:

Hearing lost horses shivering by the cold well

In the distance, listen to the sound of clogs

has left in the hearts of readers who love poetry and are passionate about poetry for decades, with profound vibrations and evocative powers.

“Listening to a lost horse shivering with blankets by the cold well”, shows the poet’s sophistication, sensitivity and rich imagination: from the sound heard (losing the horse), the revolutionary soldier imagines the scene of the horse next to him. well, feeling the cold of the sunset through its “trembling” movements, through the cold that has penetrated deep into the water at the bottom. Thus, the poet’s perception is not only by hearing, touch but also by intuition! As for the verse: “Under the long way, hear the sound of clogs coming back” does not seem to have used technology at all, but it has a great impact on people’s hearts. Literary researcher and critic Hoai Thanh commented: “A sound of clogs on the far side of the road was quickly written down by the poet. It’s been so many years and it’s still echoing in poetry.”

See more: Analyze Vietnamese characters and point out artistic features in the story “Children in the family” by writer Nguyen Thi

Indeed, the verse evokes the deserted atmosphere of the street next to Thua Phu – Hue prison. The sound of clogs passed, gradually fading away, but the sound kept echoing in people’s hearts. The sound of clogs is a symbol of an idyllic life, echoing for the first time in poetry. The sound of clogs evokes the footsteps of innocent schoolchildren who are innocently carrying books to school. The sound of clogs is reminiscent of a time of youth, just recently, still embracing beautiful dreams and ambitions, wanting to bring all of their youth to dedicate themselves to the Vietnamese Fatherland. Moreover, that “wonderful tilt of the ear” also helps us understand the heartache of a person who was isolated for no reason just because of committing “patriotic crimes”, going to work for the people’s liberation revolution. ethnicity.

Overall, this is one of the best poems in To Huu’s Tu Huu in prison. The lyrics are concise, expressive, clear, inspirational, and attractive. The rhythm of the poem is earnest and lively. The image of the ego of the lyrical character appears at the same time romantic, young, immature, new, delicately sensitive, lovely, proud, and indomitable.

In short, Eight-Four in Prison is a unique poem. Despite being born in harsh circumstances – the poem was copied onto a thin piece of paper rolled with iron, stuck in a papaya leaf, taken out (along with many other prison poems) and then published and signed by the comrades “a prisoners” – but the poem soon expressed one of the three artistic styles of To Huu’s poetry, which is a revolutionary, vibrant, intense soul with a power to move people’s hearts. Therefore, more than sixty years have passed, but the poem “Thoughts in Prison” as well as the collection of poems “From that” still survive with a refinement of readers, with the harsh test of time.

Thu Trang


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Chuyên mục: Văn Mẫu Lớp 12

Nguồn: Họa Mi

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